Wisdom is the application of knowledge to attain a positive goal by receiving instruction in governing oneself.
Researchers in the field of positive psychology have defined wisdom as the coordination of “knowledge & experience” and “its deliberate use to improve well being”. With this definition, wisdom can supposedly be measured using the following criteria
- A wise person has self- knowledge
- A wise person seems sincere ( Sincerity is the virtue one who speak & acts truly about his or her own feelings, thoughts & desires.) & direct with others
- Others ask wise people for advice
- A wise person’s actions are consistent with his/her ethical beliefs.
In Taoism, Wisdom is construed as adherence to the three treasures : Charity, Simplicity & Humility
Knowing others is intelligence;
Knowing yourself is true wisdom.
Mastering others is strength;
Mastering yourself is true power.
Wisdom in Hinduism is considered a state of mind & soul where a person achieves liberation or salvation.